A cataract may not need to be treated if your vision is only slightly blurry. Simply changing your eyeglass prescription may help improve your vision for a while. There are no medications, exercises, or glasses that will cause cataracts to disappear or prevent them from forming. Surgery is the only way to remove a cataract. When you are no longer able to see well enough to do the things you like to do, cataract surgery should be considered.
Surgery is usually done on an out-patient basis, either in the hospital or an ambulatory surgery center. When you arrive for surgery, you will be given eye drops to dilate the pupil. You may also be given a mild sedative to relax you. A local anesthetic will numb the eye. The skin around the eye will be thoroughly cleansed and sterile coverings will placed. You may see light and movement, but you will not see the surgery while it is happening.
Under a microscope, a small incision is made in the eye, tiny surgical instruments are used to break apart and remove the cloudy lens from your eye. A plastic lens is implanted in the eye to replace the natural lens that was removed. After a short stay in the outpatient recovery area, you will be ready to go home.